Electric Vehicles in India | Charging Stations Guidelines | Economy | Technology | GS3 | The Hindu



  • An Electric Vehicle, also called EV uses electric motor or traction motor for propulsion whereas conventional vehicles use Combustion Engine, they use electricity stored in batteries to power one or more electric motors. They have no tailpipe or combustion
  • Conventional vehicles are easy to refuel, high speed and long range friendly whereas EVs environment-friendly, require low maintenance.
  • Though conventional vehicles pollute the environment also cost of the fuel is very high, similarly, the problems with EVs are charging time run into hours, lack of charging stations is another problem. EVs provide low speed but vehicles are heavier than normal.
  • But Electric Vehicles are getting support from governments because of the low cost per ride and more importantly because of cleaner technology with lesser to no emissions.

Recently to give a boost to Electric Vehicles in-country, Union Minister for Power has provided some Guidelines and Specifications regarding Electric Vehicle Charging.

Also read: All you need to know about the blue economy

Key Guidelines and Specification

  1. At least one Charging Station to be available in a grid of 3 Km x 3 Km in the cities
  2. One Charging Station at every 25 Km on both sides of highways OR roads.
  3. First Phase: The first phase of the plan (1-3 years) will cover all megacities with a population of more than four million as per the 2011 Census and all expressways and highways connected to these megacities.
  4. Second Phase: The second phase (3-5 years) will cover other big cities such as State capitals.
  5. For inter-city travel, Fast Charging Station to be installed at every 100 Kms.


  1. Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), a statutory body under Ministry of Power
  2. BEE has been nominated as the Central Nodal Agency to assist the installation of Charging Infrastructure.

These Revised Guidelines and Specifications for charging infrastructure shall supersede the earlier guidelines and standards issued by the Ministry of Power earlier on 14.12.2018.